The 28 students in Mr. Yates' class range in age from 8 to 11 years old (intermediate multiage). They come from a homogenous ethnic background but a diverse economic background. Academic skills are also diverse. Reading and writing skills range from non-reader to approximately the eleventh grade level.
Perceptual Preferences and Strengths:
Information Processing Habits:
Select Methods, Media, and Materials
1. There will be a small group brainstorm activity to create a definition of the term copyright, followed by a presentation of student ideas.
2. Students will take part in a simulation activity of copyright infringement.
3. Students search individually for specific copyright information using the Internet.
4. After the lesson, students will continue the application of developmental understanding of the copyright concept and of copyright laws to their own schoolwork.
5. A whole group PowerPoint presentation will allow students to review their learning and further their understanding of copyright laws and the copyright concept.
Media and Materials
Flip-Chart: Small student groups will use chart paper to create a poster to help them present their initial understanding of the term "copyright" to the rest of the class.
Computer: Individual students will use networked Macintosh computers to search the Internet for specific copyright information. Additional use of this media will come into play after this lesson in a variety of ways as individuals create their own published work (i.e., web pages created with AppleWorks 5.0, word processed research papers using ClarisWorks 5.0, HyperStudio stacks, etc.).
Netscape Navigator: Students will use this web browser to navigate the Internet in search of copyright-specific information.
Handouts: Teacher-created handouts will be given to students to help focus their search for specific copyright information on the Internet (information will include URLs and a true/false copyright quiz).
PowerPoint: Students will take part in a whole class review discussion based on a teacher-led PowerPoint presentation.
Utilize Media and Materials
The computer lab is the other location in which the lesson will take place. Thirty Macintosh computers are networked for easy access to the Internet and have all of the required programs easily available for student access. There is room next to each computer for students to write while completing their "copyright quiz." Noise and climate control are a bit more limited in this location as compared to the classroom. The heat generated from 30 computers can heat the room considerably. Because the lab is adjacent to the playground, noise can be a problem if the windows are open. Time scheduled will thus be important, late afternoon will be best as there are few if any children on the playground at that time of day.
Preparing the Audience:
Require Learner Participation
Activities to Do:
2. Each small group is to be given the task of creating a "top secret" invention, a new toy. Given the scenario that they are each working as a separate toy company, they will draw a sketch(s) of their top secret toy and write a short description of what it is. After a set time period (long enough so they become strongly attached to their plans), have the "companies" stop working and tell them that they are to, "...imagine that it was the end of the work day and so they all went home for the evening. During the night, a burglar broke in to the offices and took the plans for the toy inventions." Have groups exchange new toy ideas so that each group has another group's ideas. Next each group is to look at the toy ideas they received from the other group. Finally, begin a class discussion based on the toy invention activity that leads students back to the concept of copyright and to current copyright laws, include affective questions.
Activities to do:
2. Students will begin citing references on written work they produce for science, social studies, independent projects, or language arts assignments. In addition, they will begin including a copyright notice on the original work they create and publish (while understanding that the notice itself is not necessary for a work to be copyright protected).
3. Students will participate in a whole class discussion reviewing the concepts and laws surrounding copyright. The teacher will facilitate this with the help of a PowerPoint presentation.
Evaluate and Revise
The teacher will observe and note on a checklist, student participation in verbally stating reasons for copyright laws during the class discussion (one or more reason).
Students will find the correct answers to 100 percent of the questions on a copyright quiz by using the Internet.
The teacher will monitor future student application of the copyright concept to their own written work (student published) including the citation of references and the inclusion of a copyright notice with their own original work.
Methods and Media Evaluation
Teacher evaluation of the lesson will be based on observation of student participation during the unit (How does participation with this lesson compare with that of other lessons with the same group of students?). It will also take into account the accuracy of student answers on the copyright quiz and the ease of student access through the Internet to gain the answers. Finally, ongoing evaluation of the effectiveness of the lesson as a whole will be based on inclusion of copyright concepts and laws with student work.
Joseph, Linda C. (1996). Copyright Workshop. Retrieved April 29, 1999 from the World Wide Web: http://www.cyberbee.com/copyrt.html
Templeton, Brad. 10 Big Myths About Copyright Explained. Retrieved May 4, 1999 from the World Wide Web: http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html